Design – Student Center Case Study and Analysis (Complete)

————————————————- Table of Contents Definition………………………………………………………………………………………………2 Design Parameters………………………………………………………………………………………………3 Design Strategies………………………………………………………………………………………………4 Case Studies of a Student Center Foreign………………………………………………………………………………………………5 Local………………………………………………………………………………………………18 Site Analysis………………………………………………………………………………………………24 Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………………………27 Space Programming………………………………………………………………………………………………28 Space Inter-Relationship Matrix………………………………………………………………………………………………33 Bubble Diagram………………………………………………………………………………………………34 ———————————————— Definition A Student Center A student activity center (SAC) is a type of building found on university campuses. In the United States, such a building is more often called a student union, student commons, or student center. The term “student union” in the USA refers to the building, while internationally, students’ union means the student government. Broadly speaking, the facility is devoted to student recreation and socialization. It may contain lounges, wellness centers, dining facilities or vendors, and entertainment venues.

The student activity center is often the center of student affairs and activities and may house the offices of the student government or other student groups. It may also act as a small conference center, with its meeting rooms rented out to student groups and local organizations holding conferences or competitions (for instance, the Michigan Union hosts the University of Michigan Model United Nations conference). ————————————————- Design Parameters * Since the site is overlooking a river and surrounded by a wonderful environment, I considered wider ventilations to appreciate the surroundings more. However, my design is limited by only using eco-friendly materials, such as wood, regular cedar or stone, and less of steel or metal cladding, to fully respect the setting and produce a much more effective design concept. * Glass is almost widely used for windows or hallways. * Promenades are open, and plant boxes are used as partitions. ————————————————- Design Strategies * Rooms have a lot of high windows for good ventilation, also for much appreciation for the environment. * Earth tones are used as colour tones. Most rooms are accessible from the lobby. * Retail shops are near each other, to avoid confusion of the customers. * The two function rooms are situated beside each other, for easier accessibility when needed promptly. * Organization rooms are in one building. * Office for student affairs is near the org. rooms, but is also easy to access from the lobby. * Multi-purpose hall is also situated near the org. rooms. * Driveways and promenades are partitioned by plant boxes, to prioritize also the surroundings more. Scenery, plants and trees are the main “features” of this concept, which is why numbers of big windows are situated in most rooms and corridors. * Building structure is very environmental-friendly. ————————————————- Case Studies of a Student Center Foreign Case Study – James Eardly Student Center QUICK FACTS The Challenge: * Use the floor design to create small scale and dimension in the large student center * Select colors that complement masonry and the surrounding landscape * Install a product that is durable and cost efficient

The Armstrong Solution: * EXCELON Stonetex VCT offers an architectural look and a convenient, modular tile size * Granite-like visual and organic colors create sophistication in higher education spaces * All EXCELON tile products offer proven performance and great value Product Specs: * Stonetex has a nondirectional, granite-like visual and organic colors * Through-pattern construction for color and design that last the life of the floor * A visual upgrade with VCT benefits including easy installation and cost efficiency

James Eardly Student Center The grand scale of the James Eardley Student Center matches the majesty of the landscape surrounding the entire Truckee Meadows Community College campus in Reno, Nevada. The recently constructed building includes a two-story gathering area articulated with a vaulted roof, clerestory windows, exposed split-face concrete masonry column and exposed steel trusses. To balance scale and dimension, designers created a floor design that both complements the natural surroundings and proportions the space.

Armstrong™ Stonetex EXELON® vinyl composition tile (VCT) allowed the design team to create a pattern that handsomely meets aesthetic goals and satisfies the need for cost efficiency. The design challenge for architectural firm Sheehan Van Woert Bigotti Architects was to create a large gathering space on campus that managed to incorporate an inviting and comfortable atmosphere for congregation, studying and conversation. The Student Center, which serves as the campus student services facility, is the third major building design project the firm has completed for the community college.

For the circulation spaces of the main student lounge and mezzanine areas, Stonetex is used in multiple, organic colors. The design was influenced by similar projects including the Perry Community Education Campus in Ohio and the Orland Park Village Center in Illinois. In all these applications, the floor plan breaks down the large scale of the main lounge space without overwhelming the space with busy patterns. Plus, it creates a design upgrade at a reasonable cost. These projects are tangible evidence of how the firm delivers on its philosophy to create architecture that makes a difference through exceptional service and design excellence.

A design firm spokesperson says, “In all our educational projects, we look for opportunities to create unique compositions within a space. The scale of this project offered us the opportunity to do this on a large scale and make a big impression. ” Stonetex is a true Armstrong original. The granite-like, monolithic visual and organic colors are represented in a non-directional tile. The naturally-inspired pattern has a more upscale look than base-grade vinyl composition tile and the stone-like accents create an architectural look.

The sophisticated visual offered designers on this project an opportunity to creatively compose interiors with a contemporary yet non-trendy look. A firm principal adds, “Stonetex offered an opportunity to add scale and dimension to the large areas within the student center at a highly perceivable level. For this space, we selected five complementary colors that coordinate with the exposed masonry material and the interior color scheme. ” Earthy-colored Dusty Khaki, Pumice Stone, Stone White, Desert Dust and Terra Stone Stonetex tiles are used to create modular, geometric patterns.

According to the firm principal, “Stonetex met the cost constraints of the project while maintaining an aesthetic value. ” The modular nature helped designers achieve a repetition and order that supports the overall concept of the building architecture. The student center’s design, including the floor, has earned high grades from both faculty and students. A design firm principal adds, “We’ve heard positive feedback about the use of color and patterning in the main spaces, and in particular, how the facility plays a role in raising spirits on campus.

The project exceeds expectations with respect to how the design details contribute to student and faculty pride in the college. ” The busy student center is active seven days a week, requiring a floor that’s durable with good maintenance characteristics. Stonetex offers proven EXCELON performance, with color and design that are consistent throughout the tile. “Vinyl composition tile offered us the highest level of durability and wearability for the cost,” states the design firm principal. In addition to very good durability, the tile is easy to install.

Contactors also had to install the new flooring in a space that sits between two existing facilities that are not parallel. This added to the installation challenge, but was easily solved by careful workmanship from the installers, Spectra Flooring. Chandler – Gilbert Community College Student Center Case Study This 20,000 s. f. Student Center was designed to transplant the “heart” of the expanding campus. The Student Center’s form creates a minimal opaque face on the west and north and gradually rises to the center of campus.

The Crescendo is a 30′ high student pavilion and 35′ cantilevered “front porch. ” The pavilion is shaded from the east by this large front porch, which engages the pedestrian mall. The bold use of aluminum and glass throughout the building adds to the Student Center’s overall impact and important appearance. Extensive access to natural daylight in the building design is a key green feature of the project. The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Nursing and Student Community Center (UT School of Nursing and Student Center) Overview * Location: Houston, TX Building type(s): Higher education, Health care, Laboratory * New construction * 195,000 ft2 (18,100 m2) * Project scope: 8-story building * Urban setting * Completed August 2004 The state-of-the-art University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston’s School of Nursing and Student Community Center is situated on a small, urban site adjacent to Fay Park, within the heart of the Texas Medical Center campus. A pedagogical model of wellness, comfort, flexibility, environmental stewardship, and fiscal responsibility, it continues the University’s shift toward healthy, environmentally responsible actions.

The building program balances the community and individual needs of the students and faculty. Study and support spaces help accommodate the needs of the many non-traditional students in the program. All the departments of the school share the classroom and practical lab spaces. Environmental Aspects The School of Nursing and Student Community Center has established benchmarks for healthy buildings, daylighting, visual acuity and cognitive learning, pedagogy and the capacity to learn and collaborate, flexibility, durability, and reduced operating costs.

The building is expected to use 41% less energy than a conventional, minimally code-compliant building. Due to the building’s undesirable orientation, harsh environmental conditions, and demanding program requirements, each of the four elevations and the fifth facade, the roof, uses unique strategies to accept desired daylight and reject unwanted heat. Three vertical atria, a horizontal atrium, a breezeway, and perimeter operable windows provide occupants with natural light and ventilation and connect the building to its site and environment.

Underfloor air distribution increases energy efficiency and thermal comfort. This raised floor, as well as demountable partitions, also allows for revisions to the interior design, accommodating changing needs. Building materials were selected to minimize environmental impact. They include reclaimed brick and cypress and recycled-content aluminum panels, structural steel, and concrete. Low-emitting materials protect indoor air quality. Three-fourths of the building’s demolition and construction waste was salvaged or recycled.

Water-conservation strategies, including rainwater harvesting, waterfree urinals, and efficient fixtures, amount to a 48% reduction in potable water use, compared to a baseline calculation. Owner ; Occupancy * Owned and occupied by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, State government * Typically occupied by 200 people, 40 hours per person per week; and 620 visitors per week, 20 hours per visitor per week CASE STUDY: Charles Hostler Student Center Beirut, Lebanon

Rooted in Beirut: A new student center for the American University of Beirut combines state-of-the-art sustainable innovation with the region’s traditional solutions. By Sarah Amelar Sited on a steep hillside overlooking the Mediterranean, the American University of Beirut (AUB)’s 73-acre main campus is so lush it’s called “The Garden of Beirut. ” AUB’s original historic section, dating back to the 19th century, meanders across the hilltop, while its later, lower section extends down to the Corniche, the Lebanese capital’s grand waterfront boulevard.

To usher in the 21st century, a campus master plan by Sasaki Associates, with Machado and Silvetti, recommended long-range strategies with upgrades to existing conditions. Sustainability was key. Clearly the plan’s first new building, the Charles Hostler Student Center, needed to be a model of environmentally responsive design for AUB and the region. For this 104,000-square-foot center—to include athletics facilities, an auditorium, a cafeteria, and underground parking—the architects challenged and advanced the master plan’s green guidelines. We realized we couldn’t just import and impose standard rules of thumb and sophisticated technologies from abroad,” says Vincent James, whose Minneapolis-based firm, Vincent James Associates Architects (VJAA), won the commission, following an invited international competition. “We had to think deeply about vernacular solutions, about the ways people traditionally lived in this climate and culture. ” Where a prior concept design called for a large building, fronting a similarly scaled plaza, VJAA, with Transsolar climate engineers and Hargreaves Associates landscape architects modified the strategy.

Around a cluster of five new, low-lying, rectilinear volumes, linked underground or by bridges, they created a continuous, layered field of outdoor habitable spaces: courtyards, gardens, green roofs, paths, a cafe, and lookouts, all facing the sea. This rich continuum integrates the formerly disjointed upper and lower campuses, negotiating elevation changes from hilltop to waterfront. Inspiration for scale and massing came from the campus’s historic section, as well as the classic Beirut house, which steps down a slope, oriented seaward to facilitate the flow of breezes.

In such shaded courtyard dwellings, as VJAA principal Jennifer Yoos observes, “people move with the sun, using spaces differently at different times of day. ” Similarly calibrating architecture to climate, the design team sought spatial diversity—inside and out—using buildings to cast shadows and modulate air currents, tempering courtyard microclimates for comfort. These outdoor gathering zones form what James calls “social connective tissue” between more structured interior spaces.

Like fountains in traditional Medit-erranean courtyards, two water-walls—stainless-steel mesh scrims beneath smooth “sheets” of running water—override noise and modulate outdoor climate. The planted roofs increase insulation, while enhancing terraced views from the upper campus. Bucking the generic notion that south-facing buildings, on a long east-west axis, are sustainably ideal, the architects oriented the $18 million Hostler Center northward, optimizing sea breezes and views. To the east and west, long, mostly solid masonry walls, with shading devices, block the harshest rays.

The complex draws on durable, locally available building methods and materials: Syrian sandstone cladding, concrete posts and beams, terrazzo flooring, and interior plaster surfaces. Adapting Lebanon’s traditional exterior wall, the architects devised a double-shell, stone-and-concrete, insulated cavity wall, dramatically reducing its precursor’s U-value, for a highly efficient envelope. Strategically placed exterior louvers of pre-cast concrete or locally crafted aluminum shade the interior, while operable skylights (over the pool and gymnasium) enhance ventilation.

Oriented for prevailing winds and local airflow conditions, 60 percent of the interior offers natural ventilation through large operable openings. Requiring virtually no daytime electrical illumination, 67 percent of the interior is sunlit, through low-E glazing. Beirut’s unreliable infrastructure, still reeling post-civil war, made autonomy essential for AUB and its new construction. In response, the Hostler Center’s innovative climate control can cool the entire lower campus. A geothermal system, it runs water from deep, cold sea wells, through a closed- loop heat exchanger to radiantly cool highly populated interior zones.

At the loop’s end, the water returns to the sea in a temperature-compatible area, protecting marine life. The electricity draw—only to operate low-energy pumps—is negligible compared with conventional cooling. This inspired solution eliminates rooftop chillers (noisy energy guzzlers and eyesores from the upper campus). Solar roof panels, atop the gymnasium and swimming pavilion, heat the pool and shower water. Radiant heating, relying exclusively on waste heat or steam from AUB’s physical plant, can warm the pool deck and (via ceilings) other interior spaces (though the climate and efficient insulation make that need rare).

With potable water a scarce resource in Beirut, the center recycles gray water, plus rain from site drains and rooftops, for toilets and irrigation of native, drought-resistant landscaping. (All native trees displaced during construction were preserved and replanted on site. ) One of the region’s first strong attempts at modern sustainable design, the Hostler Center is highly attuned to its place: a fusion of traditional vernacular with state-of-the-art solutions. “We weren’t just coming in with standards coined in Europe or the US,” says James. People in Beirut tell us they appreciate the approach. ” KEY PARAMETERS LOCATION: Beirut, Lebanon (peninsula extending into the Mediterranean Sea) GROSS SQUARE FOOTAGE: 204,000 ft2 (18,950 m2) COST: $30 million COMPLETED: May 2008 ANNUAL PURCHASED ENERGY USE (BASED ON SIMULATION) : 59 kBtu/ft2 (673 MJ/m2) ANNUAL CARBON FOOTPRINT (PREDICTED) : 13 lbs. CO2/ft2(65 kg CO2 / m2) PROGRAM: Sports facilities, 250-seat amphitheater, parking, green fields, 300-seat theater TEAM OWNER: American University of Beirut

ARCHITECT: VJAA; Samir Khairallah ; Partners (associate) LANDSCAPE: Hargreaves Associates ENGINEERS: Barbanel Liban (MEP); Wael A. Kayyaali (civil) ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANT: Transsolar Energietechnik GENERAL CONTRACTOR: Karagulla Engineering and Contracting Cleveland State University Process and Principles. Order and Intelligence. These are the foundations of our architectural practice. Gwathmey Siegel’s approach is built not on a pre-determined aesthetic or a rigid “signature style. ” It grows naturally from a quest for ideas and answers. Designs are never imposed.

They evolve from a rigorous inquiry into the particulars of location and program. They represent our determined belief that we can transform problem-solving into art. At its most basic, architecture is a response to fundamental human needs-a way of organizing space while meeting practical demands. At its most exalted, architecture can introduce new perspectives and new dynamics, reinvigorating both landscape and cityscape. We strive to synthesize these two goals, to create buildings that perform as well as excite, buildings that uplift the spirit and are memorable.

At Gwathmey Siegel, our design process begins with a careful, in-depth study of each project’s requirements and constraints, its use and users. Context and Change Every new building, every adaptive reuse, every site must address and acknowledge a pre-existing context. At the same time, however, every structure and every intervention-whether radical or reverential-ultimately changes the context. At Gwathmey Siegel, we are sensitive to the nuances of place and precedent. We are deeply responsive to content, to material, and o a building’s cultural, historical, and physical environment. Yet we believe that imitation subverts creativity, that replication does not produce art. We value the past as an inspiration to invent the future. We are committed to a modernist philosophy that seeks to reinterpret the familiar and to explore the unfamiliar, to take on the risks and rewards of forging a new context through counterpoint and balance. We maintain that excellence is timeless and that the fundamentals of form and space transcend the bonds of fashion and style.

We accept the artist’s historical obligation to create a new reality-to probe, to speculate, and to inspire. Sustainable Design The fundamentals of Sustainable Design call upon the core principles of the Architect’s craft: the careful integration of buildings within their existing natural and cultural context; the creation of a satisfying interior environment and sense of place for the inhabitants; a rigorously efficient approach to the use of resources and its effect on building systems design; and the consideration of the future evolution and re-use of the built environment.

The integration of sustainable design principles within a project’s overall solution continues to be a natural extension of the holistic, collaborative design approach which is the foundation of Gwathmey Siegel’s work. Central to every one of our projects, this fundamental process enables us to develop solutions in partnership with our clients, allowing us to meet the varied goals of the program, function, aesthetics and sustainability.

Architectural elements, such as the consistent, careful inclusion of natural lighting and solar control elements, along with the sensitive selection of the interior materials and color palettes, contribute to the quality of the indoor environment for the users. Energy efficiencies, from the proper engineering of the building systems along with artificial lighting and control systems designs, are integrated through the inclusion of the expertise of various related disciplines, brought together at the start of the planning and design processes to contribute to a unified architectural solution.

Local Kalimudan Student Center UP Mindanao Kalimudan Student Center opens on August 23, Monday. Opening ceremonies will be held right after the weekly flag ceremony at about 8:30 A. M. UP Mindanao constituents, UP alumni and friends are invited to attend. University of Negros Occidental Student Center

The University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos envisions itself as: * A Catholic institution giving witness to the Augustinian recollect charism as a way of living Christian faith; * A true Catholic institution offering an Augustinian recollect style of education that responds to the needs of the church, the Filipino society, and the world; and * A partner of the government in the development of the young to be productive, enlightened and upright citizens whose hearts and minds are not only focused on their individual good but also on the welfare and well-being of the entire filipino nation with special concern for the weak and poor.

Philosophy As a Catholic University faithful to St. Augustine’s teachings, which aim to make knowledge a structure of wisdom such that the search for knowledge (Scientia) should lead one to exercise love (caritas), the University of Negros Occidental – Recoletos strives to impart the Augustinian Recollect style of Education, which seeks to develop the person integrally. Slogan

UNO – RECOLETOS: Cradle of Excellence Goals The University of Negros Occidental – Recoletos translates its mission statement into the following four steps domains of schooling: * Academic: Continuing education with religion as the core to qualified persons with preferential option for the poor from the elementary to the graduate levels; * Non-Academic: opening of opportunities for the development of skills nd talents in the areas of sports and cultural endeavors; * Community extension: complementation of the study programs with inter-disciplinary outreach projects that will enable the academic community to be actively involved in the promotion of the total development of man; and * Research: Enrichment of existing academic programs and broadening of knowledge through functional, ethical researches for the authentic good of individuals and the society. * Objectives At the end of the formation, the students are expected to be: * Spiritually sound individuals who are Christ-centered and Marian-inspired. Intellectually inspired individuals who are able to rationally and eloquently communicate their ideas and appreciate the arts as an infinite reflection of the beauty of God; * Morally healthy individuals who can weigh values with a great sense of accountability; * Physically healthy individuals who give due respect to the human body, keeping it fit as a temple of the HOLY SPIRIT; * Culturally-conscious individuals who value heritage earned by past generations, enriching it by promoting desirable traditions and rendering authentic service to the Church and the country for the common good. Socially concerned individuals who are sensitive and responsive to the  needs of the marginalized sector of the community and the society; * Technically proficient individuals who are superior in useful skills in the practice of professions; and * Scholarly leaders of science who extend the frontiers of knowledge through experimentation and verification bringing about a deeper evaluation of problems that will make them see profoundly the synthesis of faith, reason, culture, and life. ———————————————— ————————————————- Colegio San Agustin – Bacolod Student Center ————————————————- ————————————————- Vision ————————————————- An Augustinian academic and evangelizing community providing quality Filipino and Christian Catholic education. ————————————————- Mission ————————————————-

Colegio San Agustin – Bacolod is a Catholic, Filipino, Augustinian school committed to fulfilling the mission of the Church by providing a well-rounded formation of the human person with respect to his ultimate goal; by developing moral and social values and love for country; and by fostering a community life characterized by “oneness of mind and heart on the way to God” anchored on the Augustinian motto “Virtus et Scientia”. ————————————————- ————————————————- Facilities * The Sto.

Nino building, constructed in 1987 to cater to an increasing number of students. It is named for the image of the Santo Nino de Cebu. * The Engineering building, renovated in April 1992. * The Adeodatus building, (known as the “Student Center”) constructed in March 1996; named after the son of Augustine of Hippo. * The Anselmo Polanco hall, constructed in September 1996; houses the Learning Resource Center and is named after the Blessed Anselmo Polanco, an Augustinian priest martyred during the Spanish Civil War. * The Sta. Rita de Casia hall, constructed in April 1997.

It is named after the Augustinian saint Rita of Cascia. * The San Nicolas de Tolentino hall, in the Engineering building; constructed in August 2000 and is named after the Augustinian Saint Nicholas of Tolentino. * The Student Center was renovated into a circular five-storey building during the 2002–2003 school year; the CSA-B Park was unveiled in June 2003. UP Manila Student Center This four-story structure houses a number of central administration offices: the Ugnayan ng Pahinungod, the Graduate School, the School for Distance Education Manila, the University Student Council Office, and the Property Office.

It also previously housed the other offices of the central administration and the College of Pharmacy. The UPM Annex building has a lot area of 600 sq. m. and a total floor area of 1,600 sq. m. UST Tan Yan Kee Student Center THE UST TAN YAN KEE STUDENT CENTER SERVES AS THE seat for 32 university–wide and faculty/college-based student organizations. The four-storey building houses the Varsitarian, the Office for Admissions (OFAD), Central Student Council Office (CSC), Office for Student Affairs (OSA), Student Coordinating Council Office (SCCO), National Service Training Program Office (NSTP), and the Center for Campus Ministry.

It also has a Music Room, a Workshop Room, a Wellness Center, a multi–media room (that can accommodate 200 persons), and several organization rooms. ————————————————- Site Analysis GEOGRAPHY – General Santos City, South Cotabato, Philippines Location General Santos City lies at the southern part of the Philippines. It is located at 6°7’N 125°10’E. The city is southeast of Manila, southeast of Cebu and southwest of Davao. Barangays General Santos City is politically subdivided into 26 barangays. * * Apopong * Baluan * Batomelong * Buayan Bula * Calumpang * City Heights * Conel * Dadiangas East (Pob. ) * Dadiangas North * Dadiangas South * Dadiangas West * Fatima * Katangawan * Labangal * Lagao (1st & 3rd) * Ligaya * Mabuhay * Olympog * San Isidro (Lagao 2nd) * San Jose * Siguel * Sinawal * Tambler * Tinagacan * Upper Labay General Santos City Lungsod ng Heneral Santos Dakbayan sa Heneral Santos —  Highly-Urbanized City  — Pioneer Avenue Nickname(s): Tuna Capital of the Philippines Motto: Magandang GenSan Region: SOCCSKARGEN (Region XII) Province: South Cotabato Total Area: 492. 86 km2 (190. 3 sq mi)

Elevation: 15. 0 m (49 ft) ACCESSIBILITY The city serves as the inbound destination for the sights, sounds and culture of SOCCSKSARGEN. Air, sea and land transport provides easy access to the key cities in the Philippines. The city is base to the Philippines’ second largest airport-in-area and has one of the most modern seaports in the country. * Air The General Santos International Airport is the largest Airport in Mindanao. , It has a 3,227-meter runway capable of handling wide-bodied jets likeAirbus 340 and Boeing 747. This puts almost all key cities in the Philippines.

It currently handles direct flights to Manila and Cebu through Philippine and Cebu Pacific. * Sea The Makar Wharf is considered one of the best in the country. With a 740-meter docking length and a 19-meter width, the wharf connects the City to destinations within and outside the Philippines. Negros Navigation, WG;A and Sulpicio Lines provide the route while Indonesian shipping lines contribute their GenSan-Indonesian route for passenger and cargo traffic. * Land Inbound and around SOCCSKSARGEN land travel is a fast and convenient ride.

With more than 400 passenger buses and jeepneys wielding routes within, to and from the growth region, getting to your place of destination is a comfort. Laoag-General Santos route soon available via Manila by Partas operator owned by Ilocos Sur Gov. Luis “Chavit” Singson. Tricycles – three wheeled motorcycles with side-cars, are the City’s main mode of land transportation and has been in the road since the pioneering times. Air-conditioned taxis and rent-a-cars are also readily available. The Pan-Philippine Highway links GenSan to other Major cities in Mindanao and to the rest of the Philippines. Industry

The world class Fishport Complex has a 750-meter quay, 300-meter wharf for 2,000 GT reefer carriers, refrigeration facilities with 1,500 cold storage capacity, 60 tons/day ice plant, brine, air blast and contact freezers. Resources * Power Abundant power supply provided by SOCOTECO II retailer of The National Power Corporation. * Water Clean and safe water supply provided by GSC Water District. Baranagay Water And Sanitation Tuna Export in General Santos City? ————————————————- Bibliography Websites: * http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Student_activity_center * http://www. rmstrong. com/commflooringna/james-eardly-case-study. html * http://www. arcadiainc. com/design-gallery/case-studies/student-center-chandler-gilbert-community-college * http://www. buildinggreen. com/hpb/overview. cfm? projectId=444 * http://greensource. construction. com/green_building_projects/2009/0907_Hostler-Student-Center. asp * http://www. gwathmey-siegel. com/portfolio/proj_detail. php? job_id=200606 * http://www. upmin. edu. ph/index. php? option=com_content&view=article&id=575:kalimudan-student-center-opening-on-monday-23-august&catid=1&Itemid=19 * http://www. no-r. edu. ph/index. php? option=com_content&task=view&id=32&Itemid=32 * http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Colegio_San_Agustin_%E2%80%93_Bacolod#cite_note-0 * http://officialweb. upm. edu. ph/upmannex. php * http://www. ust. edu. ph/index. php/landmarks/836-ust-tan-yan-kee-student-center. html * http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/General_Santos_City ————————————————- Spatial Programming Category| Space (Room)| Function| No. of Users| Furniture| Fixtures/| Room Layout| AREA| | | | | | Equipment| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | S| ORGANIZATION| Where the staff of an | 8-10 persons| Chairs (10)| | SEE DRAW| 38. 02m2| | ROOMS (10)| organization meets| (per room)| Tables (2)| | | x 10| E| | or stays. | | | | | 380. 20m2| | | | | | | | | M| | | | | | | | | FUNCTION| Serves as a multi-| 20 persons| | Elevated Flooring| SEE DRAW| 50. 13m2| I| ROOMS (2)| purpose room or a | | | | | x 2| | | conference room. | | | | | 100. 26m2| P| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | R| KITCHENETTE/| Where people prepare food;| 4 adults| Table| Sink / Water| SEE DRAW| 9. 52m2| | DINING| a place to dine. | Chairs (4)| Closet with Stove| | | I| | | | Refrigetator| | | | | | | | | | | | V| | | | | | | | | STORAGE| Where the cleaning| 1 person| | Hanging Shelf| SEE DRAW| 3. 50m2| A| | materials or other| | | | | | | | things are kept. | | | | | | T| | | | | | | | | TOILET| Comfort room of the| 2 adults each| | Toilet Bowl (4)| SEE DRAW| 11. 70m2| E| | people. | (4 all in all)| | Water Closet (2)| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | OFFICE AREA| Where the people| 8 adults| Chairs (8)| | SEE DRAW| 19. 02m2| S| | stay for work. | | Tables (4)| | | | | | | | Filing Cabinets (2)| | | |

E| | | | | | | | | STAFF AREA| A place where the| 3 adults| Tables (3)| | SEE DRAW| 17. 68m2| M| | staff works. | | Chairs (3)| | | | | | | | | | | | I| | | | | | | | | RECORD ROOM| Where different| 3 adults| Table| | SEE DRAW| 10. 20m2| P| | records are kept. | | Chairs (3)| | | | | | | | Filing Cabinets (7)| | | | R| | | | | | | | | TOILET| A place of hygiene;| 1 adult each| | Toilet Bowl (2)| SEE DRAW| 9. 70m2| I| | comfort room of the| (2 all in all)| | Water Closet (2)| | | | | people. | | | | | | V| | | | | | | | | JANITOR’S ROOM| The room where the| 1 person| Chair| | SEE DRAW| 4. 0m2| A| | janitor stays; his| | Table| | | | | | cleaning things. | | | | | | T| | | | | | | | | KITCHENETTE/| Where people | 4 adults| Table| Sink / Water| SEE DRAW| 9. 52m2| E| DINING AREA| prepare food;| | Chairs (4)| Closet with Stove| | | | | a place to dine. | | Refrigerator| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | ENTRY PORCH| Where the people| | | | SEE DRAW| 11. 06m2| P| | go through first; the| | | | | | | | entrance sign. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | LOBBY| The reception area,| 5-10 persons| Tables (2)| Information Bar/| SEE DRAW| 29. 0m2| U| | information table is| | Sofa| Desk| | | | | also found here. | | Chairs (2)| | | | | WAITING AREA| Where people stay| 10-15 persons| Benches (4)| | SEE DRAW| 39. 23m2| | | while waiting for| | | | | | B| | someone or something. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | PUBLIC TOILET| A place of hygiene;| 3-5 persons each| Water Closet (2)| SEE DRAW| 46. 00m2| | | comfort room of the| (6-10 persons| | Toilet Bowls (4)| | | L| | people. | all in all)| | Urinal (2)| | | | | | | | | | | | SOUVENIR SHOP| Where people can| 10 persons| Shelves (5)| Counter| SEE DRAW| 20. 84m2| | | buy souvenirs. | | Chair| | | |

I| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | CONVENIENCE| Where people buy| 10 persons| Shelves (5)| Counter| SEE DRAW| 25. 63m2| | STORE| food, drinks, toiletries,| | Chairs (4)| | | | C| | etc. | | Table| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | COFFEE SHOP| Where people buy| 10 persons| Tables (5)| Counter| SEE DRAW| 27. 63m2| P| | coffee; where they| | Chairs (10)| | | | | | could also stay, relax. | | Sofa (4)| | | | | | | | | | | | | INTERNET SHOP| Where people could| 15 persons| Tables (15)| Front Table| SEE DRAW| 30. 30m2| U| | use a computer and| | Chairs (16)| | | | | | surf the net. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | PHOTOCOPYING| Where people could| 10 persons| Chair| Front Table| SEE DRAW| 20. 04m2| B| CENTER| photocopy their papers| | | Chairs (for| | | | | or files. | | | waiting – 4)| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | L| BOOKSTORE| Where people could| 15 persons| Chair| Counter| SEE DRAW| 27. 54m2| | | buy books. | | Shelves (7)| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | I| | | | | | | | | SCHOOL SUPP-| Where people could| 10 persons| Chair| Counter| SEE DRAW| 20. 15m2| | LIES STORE| buy things needed for| | Shelves (4)| | | | | | school. | | | | | | C| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | CANTEEN| Where people stay,| 20 persons| Chairs (20)| | SEE DRAW| 50. 13m2| | | buy, and eat their food. | Tables (5)| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | MULTI – PURPOSE| Where main events| 50-60 persons| | Stage| SEE DRAW| 107. 23m2| | HALL| are held. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | AREA:| | 1,030. 48m2| | | | | | | | x 20%| | | | | | | | | | | | | | TOTAL AREA:| | 206. 096m2| ————————————————- Space Inter-Relationship Matrix Organization Rooms Function Rooms Toilet Kitchenette / Dining Storage Office for Student Affairs Entry Porch Lobby Waiting Area

Public Toilet Souvenir Shop Convenience Store Coffee Shop LEGEND: * Directly accessible * Semi / Indirect * Not accessible Internet Shop Photocopying Center Bookstore School Supplies Store Canteen Multi-Purpose Hall ————————————————- Bubble Diagram Kitchenette Office of Multi – PurposeOrganization Function Student HallRoomsRooms Affairs Toilet WaitingLobbyPublic AreaToilet Entry Porch Canteen Souvenir Shop Coffee Internet Photocopying Bookstore School Supplies Convenience ShopShop Center Store Store